Committee Introduction Disarmament and International Security deals with topics that center around disarmament, global issues, and threats to peace that affect the international community. Under Article 11 of Chapter IV of the UN Charter, “The General Assembly may consider the general principles of co-operation in the maintenance of international peace and security, including the principles governing disarmament and the regulation of armament.”
Topic A : The Withdrawal of Foreign Military Bases Following the end of World War II, the more dominant nations of The Allies deployed their troops and established military bases all over the world, mostly in less industrialized and unstable regions. The USSR had complete control over Eastern Europe, while France, The United Kingdom and The United States of America had pillboxes everywhere on the planet except for their own territories. After the baby boom era, many of the abovementioned countries could no longer afford the expense to maintain their abundant, yet often redundant military bases. Hence, starting from approximately the 1990s, they started pulling out their military personnel. However, sudden withdrawal of a powerful force in a certain region often leads to unimaginable aftermaths, with the most commonly seen ones being unstable energy prices, prevalence of extremist groups and sharp increase of unemployment rate. To prevent the destabilization of the host countries, The United Nations should implement more regulations and provide more professional assistance regarding post military base withdrawal issues.
Topic B : Arms Proliferation
The decades following the end of the Second World War saw a boom in treaties seeking to reduce the proliferation of broad categories of destructive weapons. The newly created United Nations provided a venue for hundreds of nations to create, discuss, and ultimately sign the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) in 1968, while the United States and the Soviet Union worked bilaterally to sign and ratify the first Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty. Though global arms control efforts have tended to focus on traditional “weapons of mass destruction,” recent years have seen an expansion in the categories of weapons targeted by international treaties. In the past fifteen years, the international dialogue on arms control has finally begun to focus on small arms. A number of regional initiatives has helped set the stage for broader UN action to regulate trade and transfer in small arms. As the first committee of the United Nations, what legal frameworks should we establish to achieve global arms reduction, and to what extent or what measurements should we take to further enforce the existing non-proliferation regulations.